Catacombs

In Rome there are more than 60 Christian Catacombs built along the main Roman consular roads, but only five are open to the public. The main ones are those of St. Callixtus, in via Appia Antica.

Originated about the middle of the II century, the Catacombs of St. Callixtus occupy an area of 15 hectares and account for almost 20 km of underground tunnels, which descend to great depths (20m) and spread out on four and sometimes five levels, flanked by niches carved on two and three levels on one another. In this Catacombs were buried more than 500,000 Christians, including dozens of martyrs and 16 popes. In fact, in the first three Century Christians did note have their own cemeteries and were not well seen by the Roman public office (sometimes they were even persecuted); so they buried their relatives in the plots of land that received through various grants and donations in the area in which nowadays arise the Catabombs. With the passage of time, these burial areas grew larger and were enriched by sculptures and monuments, although sometimes they were unfortunately destroyed in the centuries to come.

In the open area there are two small basilicas with three apses, known as the "Trichorae", the eastern one probably a time hosting the rest of pope Zephyrinus and the young martyr St. Tarcisius. The tour then continues in the underground cemetery, which includes the ancient Crypts of Lucina, of the Popes and of St. Cecilia (II C.): other areas are more recent (III-IV C.).

The Popes area is the most important and venerated crypt, not surprisingly called "the little Vatican": in fact, it was the official burial place of nine popes and other dignitaries of early Church. In the walls you can observe the original inscription in Greek (it was Christians official language) of the name of five popes (Pontianus, Antherus, Fabian, Lucius and Eutichian), in front of which there are the rest of Pope Sixtus II, victim of the persecution by Emperor Valerian.

In the adjoining crypt it is possible to visit the empty tomb of the saint patron of music, the young roman lady Cecilia. Although she was entombed in the third Century, her relics were transferred into the basilica dedicated to her in Transtevere in 821.

The catacombs of St. Callixtus are open all year round except on Christmas, New Year’s Day and at Easter.

Visiting hours: 9.00 - 12.00 14.00 - 17.00

The price of admission is € 8.- full price; € 5.- reduced fee.

The visit is guided for free by guides who speak various languages and last about 30/40 minutes.

You may also be interested in...

LEGAL DISCLAIMER

Content copyright

The text in this website is property of www.tripandrate.com and cannot be used without naming and linking the source (www.tripandrate.com).

If you find any picture or content which is from your property contact the www.tripandrate.com administrators using the contact section of the website and it will be immediately removed.

Credit

This document was created using a Contractology template available at http://www.freenetlaw.com.

No warranties

This website is provided “as is” without any representations or warranties, express or implied. www.tripandrate.com makes no representations or warranties in relation to this website or the information and materials provided on this website.

Without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing paragraph, www.tripandrate.com does not warrant that:

  • this website will be constantly available, or available at all; or
  • the information on this website is complete, true, accurate or non-misleading.

Nothing on this website constitutes, or is meant to constitute, advice of any kind. [If you require advice in relation to any [legal, financial or medical] matter you should consult an appropriate professional.]

Limitations of liability

www.tripandrate.com will not be liable to you (whether under the law of contact, the law of torts or otherwise) in relation to the contents of, or use of, or otherwise in connection with, this website:

  • [to the extent that the website is provided free-of-charge, for any direct loss;]
  • for any indirect, special or consequential loss; or
  • for any business losses, loss of revenue, income, profits or anticipated savings, loss of contracts or business relationships, loss of reputation or goodwill, or loss or corruption of information or data.

These limitations of liability apply even if www.tripandrate.com has been expressly advised of the potential loss.

Exceptions

Nothing in this website disclaimer will exclude or limit any warranty implied by law that it would be unlawful to exclude or limit; and nothing in this website disclaimer will exclude or limit www.tripandrate.com liability in respect of any:

  • death or personal injury caused by www.tripandrate.com negligence;
  • fraud or fraudulent misrepresentation on the part of www.tripandrate.com; or
  • matter which it would be illegal or unlawful for www.tripandrate.com to exclude or limit, or to attempt or purport to exclude or limit, its liability.
Reasonableness

By using this website, you agree that the exclusions and limitations of liability set out in this website disclaimer are reasonable.

If you do not think they are reasonable, you must not use this website.

Other parties

[You accept that, as a limited liability entity, www.tripandrate.com has an interest in limiting the personal liability of its officers and employees. You agree that you will not bring any claim personally against www.tripandrate.com officers or employees in respect of any losses you suffer in connection with the website.]

[Without prejudice to the foregoing paragraph,] you agree that the limitations of warranties and liability set out in this website disclaimer will protect www.tripandrate.com officers, employees, agents, subsidiaries, successors, assigns and sub-contractors as well as www.tripandrate.com.

Unenforceable provisions

If any provision of this website disclaimer is, or is found to be, unenforceable under applicable law, that will not affect the enforceability of the other provisions of this website disclaimer.