Idelfons Cerdà developed a town plan in 1860 in order to join the villages that surrounded the old city of Barcelona. These villages were: Sants, Les Corts, Grace, San Martín de Provensals, among others. Today, they are the neighbourhoods of the city. That project of rehabilitation was known as the Eixample. A key to this planning project was the construction of Plaça Espanya because from that place you can access to the main roads of the city: La Gran Via, Paral•lel and Maria Cristina Avenue. There is no doubt that Plaça Espanya is a meeting point.
In the centre of the square there is a classic sculpture. The architectural design is composed by human forms and daily objects intending to represent three relevant rivers of the Iberian Peninsula: el Ebro, the Guadalquivir and el Tajo. The symbolism of the square represents the virtues of the water in the Mediterranean Sea: Abundance, Public Health, Fishing and Navigation. There are also three columns with objects in every of them: a cross representing religion, a sword representing heroism and a book with the Arts.
It was in 1900 when was celebrated the first bullfighting in the bullring Las Arenas, which is located in Plaça Espanya. Despite the end of the bullfights in 1977, the building has been rehabilitated and has become a very interesting mall.
There are shops, restaurants and places of cultural interest including the Museum of Rock. But the special interests of the commercial centre are the views of the city of Barcelona. Being an old bullring, the structure of the centre is still a circle, and the views are 360 degrees, which provides an opportunity to take excellent pictures of the city.
After visiting Arenas, don’t miss the opportunity to go to MNAC (which is very near) and enjoy also a nice view from the city.
To get to Plaça Espanya is fully recommended use the public transport as the best option. We can choose between the subway and bus, although metro will probably be the best choice (both line 1 and 3 stop in Plaça Espanya).